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2015年12月15日 星期二

Kozig LED I2C介面的七段顯示器(另一版): 修改I2C Address


此次來說明 Kozig I2C LED 七段顯示器 另一版 如何修改 I2C Address!
此版本出貨時 default I2C address 為 0x51, 可以利用Arduino 的 I2C scan address 找出!




修改步驟與前一版相同! 但是有兩點要注意:
1. I2C Address 設定不一樣,例如 default 0x51 要改成  0x27則
   程式內要寫成

  #define ZTSEG8B4_ADDR  (0x27<<1) // 0x4E // 0100111xB  

 詳細可以看Ztlib library內範例 SEG8B4A036A_SetAddress

2. 因為有些I2C command不一樣, 所以Arduino Ztlib library也不一樣!
   下載處(LED _CA_ version


步驟如下:

1.斷電情況下將SCL接到GND, SDA接A4.
2.接通電源,顯示 _CA_ 時,表示進入設定新地址模式.
3.再將原來SCL接GND改接到A5.
4.執行 SEG8B4A036A_SetAddress, (ztlib example)結束時會顯示新位置.
    例如新位置為 0x27 則顯示 _4E_
5. 移除電源,LED 模組已改成新位址!





2015年10月21日 星期三

LED Web Controls by Intel Edison with I2C LCD1602


I2C devices 加到Intel Edison 其實很簡單,做法與arduino相同, 接上I2C device到 Edison Arduino後(藉由 S4A IO Board容易連接,請接到A4A5 位置),可以試著檢查系統是不是有偵測到裝置,command如 " i2cdetect -y -r 6 " , 直此命令後可以看到裝置的 I2C address. 注意的是Intel Edison 的 I2C bus是在 bus 6(Different to Raspberry Pi).

此實驗LCD顯示 Edison IP address, 然後User透過WIFI在瀏覽器上控制LED ON/OFF.

使用材料(Materials):
1. Intel Edison + Arduino Breakout Kit
2. S4A IO Board
3. I2C LCD1602
4. LED Terminal

首先, 把所有東西都接上去, 如下圖 , LCD1602接到 IO Board的 A4A5 位置, LED Terminal接到 D2D3 孔位.



1. 進入 Edison board system, 然後輸入 如下圖.


  LCD1602的 I2C address is 0x27

2. Open Arduino IDE,  copy the below sketch and paste it to Arduino IDE.

 #include <SPI.h>
#include <WiFi.h>
#include <Wire.h>
#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>

char ssid[] = "xxxxxxx";      //  your network SSID (name)
char pass[] = "xxxxxxx";         // your network password
int keyIndex = 0;                 // your network key Index number (needed only for WEP)
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27,16,2);  // set the LCD address to 0x27 for a 16 chars and 2 line display

int status = WL_IDLE_STATUS;
WiFiServer server(8080);

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);      // initialize serial communication
  pinMode(2, OUTPUT);      // set the LED pin mode

  lcd.init();                      // initialize the lcd
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.backlight();

  lcd.print("Connecting...");

  // check for the presence of the shield:
  if (WiFi.status() == WL_NO_SHIELD) {
    Serial.println("WiFi shield not present");
    while(true);        // don't continue
  }

  String fv = WiFi.firmwareVersion();
  if( fv != "1.1.0" )
    Serial.println("Please upgrade the firmware");

  // attempt to connect to Wifi network:
  while ( status != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print("Attempting to connect to Network named: ");
    Serial.println(ssid);                   // print the network name (SSID);

    // Connect to WPA/WPA2 network. Change this line if using open or WEP network:  
    status = WiFi.begin(ssid, pass);
    // wait 10 seconds for connection:
    delay(10000);
  }
  server.begin();                           // start the web server on port 80
  printWifiStatus();                        // you're connected now, so print out the status
}


void loop() {
  WiFiClient client = server.available();   // listen for incoming clients

  if (client) {                             // if you get a client,
    Serial.println("new client");           // print a message out the serial port
    String currentLine = "";                // make a String to hold incoming data from the client
    while (client.connected()) {            // loop while the client's connected
      if (client.available()) {             // if there's bytes to read from the client,
        char c = client.read();             // read a byte, then
        Serial.write(c);                    // print it out the serial monitor
        if (c == '\n') {                    // if the byte is a newline character

          // if the current line is blank, you got two newline characters in a row.
          // that's the end of the client HTTP request, so send a response:
          if (currentLine.length() == 0) {
            // HTTP headers always start with a response code (e.g. HTTP/1.1 200 OK)
            // and a content-type so the client knows what's coming, then a blank line:  
            client.println("HTTP/1.1 200 OK");
            client.println("Content-type:text/html");
            client.println();

            // the content of the HTTP response follows the header:
            client.print("Click <a href=\"/H\">here</a> turn the LED on pin 9 on<br>");
            client.print("Click <a href=\"/L\">here</a> turn the LED on pin 9 off<br>");

            // The HTTP response ends with another blank line:
            client.println();
            // break out of the while loop:
            break;      
          }
          else {      // if you got a newline, then clear currentLine:
            currentLine = "";
          }
        }  
        else if (c != '\r') {    // if you got anything else but a carriage return character,
          currentLine += c;      // add it to the end of the currentLine
        }

        // Check to see if the client request was "GET /H" or "GET /L":
        if (currentLine.endsWith("GET /H")) {
          digitalWrite(2, HIGH);               // GET /H turns the LED on
          Serial.println("LED ON");
        }
        if (currentLine.endsWith("GET /L")) {
          digitalWrite(2, LOW);                // GET /L turns the LED off
          Serial.println("LED OFF");

        }
      }
    }
    // close the connection:
    client.stop();
    Serial.println("client disonnected");
  }
}

void printWifiStatus() {
  // print the SSID of the network you're attached to:
  Serial.print("SSID: ");
  Serial.println(WiFi.SSID());

  // print your WiFi shield's IP address:
  IPAddress ip = WiFi.localIP();
  Serial.print("IP Address: ");
  Serial.println(ip);

  // print the received signal strength:
  long rssi = WiFi.RSSI();
  Serial.print("signal strength (RSSI):");
  Serial.print(rssi);
  Serial.println(" dBm");
  // print where to go in a browser:
  Serial.print("To see this page in action, open a browser to http://");
  Serial.println(ip);

  lcd.clear();
  lcd.print(ip);

}

然後自行修改 ssid 和 pass 參數符合自己的 Router. (請自行下載 LiquidCrystal_I2C library)

3. Upload sketch to Edison. 等幾十秒鐘LCD會顯示 IP address.
4. 開啟PC瀏覽器輸入IP address and port 8080, 例如  http://192.168.1.28:8080

   請參考影片!

       https://youtu.be/vfpTnySBfiw



2015年3月25日 星期三

利用 Motoduino 修改 HC-06 藍牙模組名稱 (Change bluetooth 2.0 name)


通常在市面上買來的HC-06藍牙模組 名稱大都是 linvor 或 HC-05, 這次來說明利用motoduino來修改模組名稱(其實跟修改baud rate方法一樣,只是AT Command不同)

在 Motoduino上修改藍芽模組Baud Rate很簡單 步驟如下:

範例說明是以藍牙HC-06傳輸速率Baud Rate為 57600 bps例子

1.打開 Arduino IDE 輸入底下程式(下圗)

2.把Motoduino接上PC

3.Compile程式然後upload到板子.

4.等upload完後,移開motoduino跟PC連線,插上藍芽模組(如下圗).



5. 把Motoduino再接上PC, 然後開啟Arduino的Serial Monitor如下圖注意右下角的baud rate欄位選成57600bps,  Serial Monitor內會顯示AT+NAMEMotoduinoOKsetname (如下圗), 此時藍芽模組名稱已改成Motoduino.

6. 可以用android手機連線試試!


ps. 修改藍牙模組 baud rate 請參考這裡